Almost all North American men will develop prostate cancer if they live long enough. Autopsy studies find it in 80 percent of men in their 70s, according to the International Journal of Cancer.
Today, nearly 2.5 million men in the U.S. are living with a diagnosis of this type of cancer, but thankfully, only a small percentage will die from it. Prostate cancer is yet another of the modern diseases caused by inflammation, changing your lifestyle can reduce your risk.
A team from Harvard and the University of California San Francisco conducted a review of studies on dietary and lifestyle factors that appear to affect progression of the cancer.
Here is their recommendation on foods that fight prostate cancer:
Fruits and vegetables. Most fruits and vegetables are rich sources of soluble fiber that is associated with a reduced risk of the disease. Yellow and orange vegetables such as carrots, pumpkin and sweet potatoes that contain carotenoids are especially beneficial.
Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, kale and mustard greens contain isothiocyanates and indoles that combat the more aggressive forms of cancer.
Beans, mushrooms and seeds have antioxidants that guard against prostate cancer.
The onion family that includes garlic, leeks, shallots, scallions and chives contain sulfur compounds with anti-cancer properties.
Berries such as strawberries, blackberries, blueberries and raspberries have special antioxidants that protect your body from free radicals that can cause cancer.
Tomatoes are a great source of lycopene which has been shown to inhibit prostate cancer growth and spread, according to the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Tea, which contains compounds called catechins, is also associated with reduced risk in some studies.
Coffee, on the other hand, has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of even the most aggressive forms of prostate cancer and also slows down the progression of the disease according to the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Fish has mixed reviews in several studies. Several researchers found that eating fish regularly reduced the risk of death from prostate cancer while other studies showed no association. On the other hand, some studies showed that men who had high levels of omega 3 fatty acids from eating fish regularly actually were at increased risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer.